Turkey has approved the international Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products

Turkey has approved the international UN Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products “Protocol.”


The approval decision for the Protocol was published in Official Gazette number 30372 on 26 March 2018. The Protocol will be implemented 90 days after the required documents are submitted to the UN’s General Secretary.


WHO FCTC (Framework Convention on Tobacco Control) announced a Protocol to eliminate all forms of illicit trade in tobacco products. The Protocol tools for preventing illicit trade by securing the supply chain, including establishing an international tracking and tracing system, countering illicit trade through dissuasive law enforcement measures, and a suite of measures to enable international cooperation. 


The Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products is an international treaty to eliminate all forms of illicit trade in tobacco products through a package of measures to be taken by countries acting in cooperation: it is a global solution to a worldwide problem.


The Protocol was developed in response to the growing illicit trade in tobacco products, often across borders. Illicit trade seriously threatens public health because it increases access to – often cheaper – tobacco products, thus fueling the tobacco epidemic and undermining tobacco control policies. It also causes substantial losses in government revenues and, at the same time, contributes to the funding of international criminal activities.


The Protocol counts 57 Country Parties. The list of Parties can be found here.


The Protocol outlines precautions for preventing and identifying illicit tobacco trade, controlling supply chains, destroying related products/equipment, and cooperation between signatory countries.


The Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products requires parties to:

  • Agree that supplementing the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (“Framework Convention”) via a comprehensive protocol would be a powerful and effective means of countering illicit tobacco trade (including hand-rolling tobacco) and its grave consequences.
  • Adopt adequate measures to facilitate or obtain technical assistance and financial support for capacity building and international cooperation to achieve the Protocol’s objectives.
  • Endeavor to license any natural persons and companies unless prohibited by national law.
  • Establish a global tracking and tracing regime accessible to all parties within five years of the Protocol coming into force to secure the supply chain and assist during the investigation of the illicit tobacco trade.
  • Cooperate to share and develop best practices for tracking and tracing systems and transfer and acquire improved tracking and tracing technology.
  • Within the scope of security and preventive measures, advise competent authorities about any:

                   – Cross-border cash transfers for amounts stipulated in national law.

                  – Cross-border payments in kind.

                  – Suspicious transactions.

  • Destroy all confiscated tobacco products and manufacturing equipment, using environmentally friendly methods by national laws.
  • Supporting other Protocol parties with mutual legal assistance to the most significant extent possible during the investigation, prosecution, and all legal processes.


The Protocol also includes detailed regulations for extradition, judicial locations, and dispute resolution.


The Link for the full text of the Protocol and the Official Gazette approval (both in Turkish and English).


You can visit our Anti-illicit Trade website to learn about our capabilities for preventing illicit tobacco products. 

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