Hasan Alsancak – Role of Global Organizations in Critical Energy Infrastructure Security: NATO, UN, EU, OSCE
Hasan Alsancak – Role of Global Organizations in Critical Energy Infrastructure Security: NATO, UN, EU, OSCE (*)
Hasan Alsancak is a former Turkish chief of police and a well respected subject matter expert (SME) in critical energy infrastructure security.
Recent twin-drone terror attacks to Saudi Aramco facilities in Saudi Arabia once more dragged attention to the role of global security and military organizations in critical energy infrastructure protection. NATO, with its proven operational land, air, and maritime capabilities, should have a key role in the provision of critical energy infrastructure protection. Since NATO’s capable stance as a means to provide energy security is obvious, it would be correct to state that no energy security strategy can be formed and implemented without considering the capacity of NATO, especially for energy security in the resource-rich Caucasus, Caspian Basin, and the Middle East.
NATO Energy Security Center of Excellent (ENSEC COE) plays a critical role in bringing each partner country and even private companies to discuss new threats, perspectives for the wider research and development possibilities including new insights. Turkey hosts the NATO Center of Centre of Excellence Defence Against Terrorism (COEDAT) in Ankara. Thanks to her experience in counterterrorism Turkey can play a wider role in protecting critical energy infrastructures against terror attacks.
Considering its responsibility for securing multinational pipelines, Turkey has to be proactive and to take concrete steps on energy security within a NATO framework and to become one of the participants in determining a larger global energy security agenda. While having a proactive stance and taking decisive action in NATO, Turkey should not exclude the EU dimension from its macro-level approach to energy security as well.
As a European Union candidate, Turkey is required to pay more attention to cooperation with the EU on regional energy security concerns in general, and energy-terrorism in particular, in order to protect its common interests with its European neighbors.
The UN and OSCE also can be considered as other major partners for the protection of critical energy infrastructure on a global level. In addition to the EU, NATO, UN, and OSCE, more concrete cooperation on energy infrastructure security can be considered with related countries in pipeline projects such as Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia, Iraq, Iran, Kazakhstan, and others.
(*) This text is an extended part of Hasan Alsancak’s article published in the Journal of Energy Security